Jurassic Kingdom: Where Dinosaurs Come To Life
An all new animatronic outdoor dinosaur experience!
Jurassic Kingdom: Where Dinosaurs Come To Life, continues its UK & European Tour for 2018 starting with Lauriston Castle in Edinburgh. Launching on the 30th March and closing on the 15th April 2018 before it travels to Sheffield, Rotterdam, Cardiff and Nottingham.
Jurassic Kingdom, is a spectacular outdoor dinosaur experience aimed at family audiences with over 30 impressive installations of animated dinosaurs with electronic moving parts. Animatronics include arms moving up and down, tails swaying side-to-side, heads moving up and down, eyes blinking and jaws opening wide with roaring sound effects. Making for a truly awesome educational and entertaining Jurassic experience!
This is the first outdoor dinosaur experience of its kind in the UK and a truly entertaining and educational experience for children of all ages. Visitors will explore the gardens and parklands and uncover epic life-sized replica dinosaurs from everybody’s favorite, Tyrannosaurus Rex and Triceratops to flying reptiles like pterosaurs.
Children will be in awe of these animatronic dinosaurs as they blend into the paths, ponds, gardens, woodlands and greenery of the parks. Along the Jurassic Kingdom route will be an education marquee for school groups and families to enter and watch educational documentaries about dinosaurs produced by the BBC on a large projection screen. Children and adults alike will enjoy a 30-min viewing experience and learn more in-depth information about how dinosaurs lived, millions of years ago.
The festival also has a handful of street food and drink vendors to keep visitors fed and watered as they wander through Jurassic Kingdom. A range of educational and entertaining branded merchandise will also be available for purchase within the retail marquee so visitors can take home a memento of their experience!
The event is open daily from 10am to 6pm with last entry at 5pm. When selecting tickets you will be asked to select a time slot and entry is at hourly time slots from 10am to 5pm. Once inside the event visitors can stay as long they wish but it will close at 6pm.
Below – Replica Dinosaurs You Might Come Face-to-Face With……
Means: Two Measures of Teeth
Period: Early Permian Period, about 295 – 275 million years ago
Where: Texas, Oklahoma, Utah, Arizona, Ohio and New Mexico, USA; Central Germany
Dimetrodon is not a dinosaur or even a reptile! In fact, it is more closely related to mammals (e.g. you!) than to dinosaurs. It lived over 40 million years before the first dinosaurs appeared. Due to their reptile-like appearance, animals such as Dimetrodon are often referred to as ‘mammal-like reptiles’ or ‘proto-mammals’. However, Dimetrodon belongs to a group of animals called synapsids. Synapsids share several features, such as an opening in the skull, behind the eye socket, and differentiated teeth, as in mammals. Dimetrodon was a carnivore and probably one of the top predators of its time. The most unusual feature of Dimetrodon was the incredibly large sail on its back. It is thought that the sail may have been used for courtship display, defence, and possibly to heat and cool its body.
Means: Herrera’s Lizard
Period: Late Triassic about 231 million years ago
Where: Near San Juan, northwestern Argentina
Herrerasaurus is one of the very oldest known dinosaurs. The remains, which consist of partial skeletons, some including a skull, all come from Argentina. Since the discovery of Herrerasaurus some confusion has occurred in determining what type of dinosaur it actually is! The skeleton shows features that are present in two dinosaur groups (theropods and ‘prosauropods’). This has led palaeontologists to debate whether Herrerasaurus is a true early theropod, or a ‘missing link’ between theropods and prosauropods. It grew to 4.5 m long and weighed around 500 kg.
Means: Two-Crested Lizard
Period: Early Jurassic Period, about – 193 million years ago
Where: Arizona, USA
Contrary to the movies, Dilophosaurus did not spit poison or have a thrill around the neck! It was also one of the largest carnivores of its time, reaching lengths of around 7 m, and weighing about 400 kg. It is one of the most well-understood theropod dinosaurs from the Early Jurassic. Perhaps the most striking feature of Dilophosaurus is the pair of rounded crests on the top of its head. The crests were probably used for display. Dilophosaurus is known from several specimens from Arizona, but the first remains were found in 1942. Other remains of Dilophosaurus were reported from China, but they were later re-identified as a different type of dinosaur.
Means: Double Beam
Period: Late Jurassic Period, about 154 – 150 million years ago
Where: Colorado, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming, USA
Diplodocus is one of the longest dinosaurs to have ever lived. It’s also one of the best-known sauropods, as several skeletons have been discovered! It is, at present, the longest dinosaur known from a practically complete skeleton. Some dinosaurs were certainly larger, but they are known from less complete skeletons. The largest specimen known is estimated to have been around 26 m long, about the length of three double decker buses, and around 5 m tall, from toe to hip. It weighed around 10-15 tonnes! The very first Diplodocus bones were discovered in a quarry in Colorado, USA, in 1877. Diplodocus was herbivorous and possessed forward-pointing, long, peg-like teeth that were positioned at the front of its mouth; they were perfect branch-strippers. Diplodocus fed by closing its mouth around plant stems and stripped the leaves by pulling back its head – like a rake.
Means: Deceptive Lizard
Period: Late Jurassic Period, about 152 million years ago
Where: Colorado and Utah, USA
Means: Arm Lizard
Period: Late Jurassic Period, about 154 – 150 million years ago
Where: Colorado, Utah & Oklahoma, USA
Brachiosaurus is one of the tallest animals to ever walk the planet. It is estimated to have been around 12 m tall and weighed almost 30 tonnes, that’s 30,000 kg! It had tall shoulders, a long neck, small head, and muscular tail. Unusually, its arms (‘front legs’) were longer than its legs. The first bones of Brachiosaurus were collected in 1900 from western Colorado. At the time, Brachiosaurus was considered the largest known dinosaur. Brachiosaurus is known from a single species, called B. altithorax. For a very long time, a second species was identified from a skeleton collected from Tanzania, Africa, but palaeontologists agree that species belongs to a different sauropod, called Giraffatitan.
Means: La-Armaga Lizard
Period: Early Cretaceous Period, about 129-122 million years ago
Where: Neuquén Province, Patagonia, Argentina
Amargasaurus is an unusual sauropod dinosaur. Unlike most sauropods, Amargasaurus was pretty small, having a relatively short neck, a total length of around 10 m and weighing about 2.6 tonnes – tiny in comparison to sauropods such as Diplodocus! It also had two rows of tall spines that ran along its neck and back, which were likely for display and defence. The first skeleton, which includes a partial skull, was found in February 1984, on an expedition in Argentina, which was funded by the National Geographic Society. The braincase was also collected and was CT-scanned to provide a better understanding of the internal anatomy of the brain cavity and inner ear.
Caged Raptors! These mischievous raptors are called Deinonychus. ‘Raptors’ belong to a family of dinosaurs called Dromaeosaurs. Dromaeosaurs are theropods that were all meat-eating. They first appeared in the Middle Jurassic and became extinct at the end of the Cretaceous Period, around 66 million years ago. Their fossils have been found across the globe, including in Asia, North America and even in the UK! Due to some incredible discoveries, we know that Dromaeosaurs would have been covered in some form of feathers or ‘fuzz’. Although Deinonychus has yet to be found with feathers or ‘fuzz’, it is highly like it too was feathered, sort of like a big, vicious turkey!
Means: Spine Lizard
Period: Early Cretaceous Period, about 112 – 97 million years ago
Where: Egypt, Morocco and Algeria, Africa
Spinosaurus is the largest carnivorous dinosaur known. It reached an incredible 15 m in length and possibly weighed around 9 tonnes. Its most impressive feature is the series of very tall spines on its back, which formed a large sail or hump. The skull of Spinosaurus is rather long and narrow, packed with many conical teeth, similar to a crocodile. The very first bones were collected in Egypt in 1912. Unfortunately, these remains were destroyed during World War II. In 2014, the discovery of a new specimen led some palaeontologists to suggest that Spinosaurus was more adapted to life in the water, rather than on land. This received some criticism and research is still ongoing. Spinosaurus would have eaten fish and other dinosaurs. It was a top predator!
Means: Winged & Toothless
Period: Late Cretaceous Period, about 85 million years ago Where: Kansas, South Dakota and Wyoming, USA
Pteranodon is a pterosaur, a type of extinct flying reptile and not a dinosaur! Pterosaurs were a very unusual group of reptiles that lived alongside the dinosaurs. They were the earliest back-boned animals to evolve powered flight and take to the sky. There are many species known. The smallest had a wingspan of around 250 mm, whereas the largest had a wingspan of about 10-11 m! They became extinct at the end of the Cretaceous Period, around 66 million years ago. Pteranodon is perhaps the most famous pterosaur; it had a wingspan of 7 m. Thousands of specimens from almost complete skeletons to fragmentary bones have been found. They fed on fish and various other animals.
Means: Near-Crested Lizard
Period: Late Cretaceous Period, about 76 – 75 million years ago
Where: Alberta, Canada; New Mexico and Utah, USA
Parasaurolophus is a large type of hadrosaur, a so-called ‘duck-billed dinosaur’. Hadrosaurs were plant-eaters. Three species of Parasaurolophus are known and the largest grew to around 10-12 m long and weighed about 2.6-3 tonnes. Many specimens have been collected, including a juvenile, which is around 2.5 m long. The juvenile was only about one year old when it died. Parasaurolophus walked and ran on two legs, and was relatively fast. Without a doubt, the most bizarre feature of Parasaurolophus was the absurd skull crest. This unusual crest has puzzled palaeontologists for years. It is thought the crest had several functions, including display, recognising males and females, and possibly sound communication. It produced a trumpet-like sound, similar to elephants, for communication and as a warning signal.
Means: Well-Armoured Head
Period: Late Cretaceous Period, about 76 – 75 million years ago
Where: Alberta, Canada
Euoplocephalus is a type of ankylosaur, a heavily armoured plant-eating dinosaur, built like a tank! The armour is made up of bony plates, called osteoderms, similar to the plates on the back of a crocodile. Perhaps the most iconic feature of Euoplocephalus is the club at the end of the tail. This club is made up of vertebrae stuck together, which made it a powerful weapon. It was capable of breaking bones! Euoplocephalus is known from several specimens, including dozens of skulls and partial skeletons. The first was found in 1897. It was around 6 m long, 2 m tall and wide, and weighed over 2 tonnes. Euoplocephalus had four short, sturdy legs and a short neck. It had lots of very small, leaf-shaped teeth, which it used to nip low-lying plants, such as ferns.
Means: Spiked Lizard
Period: Late Cretaceous Period, about 75 million years ago
Where: Alberta, Canada
Styracosaurus is a type of ceratopsian dinosaur and a cousin to the infamous Triceratops. It has an impressively spiked neck frill that projects from the back of its skull, and a large, nose horn. This immense frill and horn would certainly have been intimidating, and would have provided some form of protection against predators. In addition, it would almost certainly have been used as a form of display, perhaps to attract the opposite sex. Styracosaurus was around 5-5.5 m long, almost 2 m tall, from toe to hip, and weighed around 2 tonnes. It is known from multiple specimens, some complete. The first specimen was described in 1913 and consisted of an almost complete skull. The skeleton of this individual was later collected in 1935.
Means: Meat-Eating Bull
Period: Late Cretaceous Period, about 72 – 70 million years ago
Where: Chubut Province, Argentina
Carnotaurus is a very unusual and interesting carnivorous theropod dinosaur. It is the only known theropod with a pair of horns positioned towards the top of the skull. One theory is that the horns were used for head-butting, similar to rams. Aside from the horns, the most notable feature is the super tiny arms, they’re even smaller than those of T. rex! Some palaeontologists believe the arms were vestigial, meaning they were essentially useless, lacking much, if any, function. Various pieces of skin have also been preserved. Carnotaurus was around 7-8 m long and weighed 1.5-2 tonnes. It is known from one exceptionally well preserved and almost complete skeleton, collected in 1984.
Means: Thick-Headed Lizard
Period: Late Cretaceous Period, about 69 – 66 million years ago
Where: Wyoming, Montana and South Dakota, USA
Pachycephalosaurs are a group of plant-eating dinosaurs that walked on two legs and possessed large, exceptionally thick, bony skulls. They are popularly referred to as ‘bone-headed’ or ‘head-banging’ dinosaurs. Pachycephalosaurus is the largest pachycepahlosaur known and is estimated to be around 4.5 m long and weighed around 450 kg. It is mostly known from isolated skulls. The skull was very unusual in having a large dome at the top, which was about 25 cm thick! It is thought Pachycephalosaurus would butt heads, sometimes hard enough to suffer serious injury, as has been reported in one example! It also had an array of bobbly spines around the snout, and small horns at the front and back of the skull.
Means: Three-Horned Face
Period: Late Cretaceous Period, about 68 – 66 ma
Where: Colorado, Wyoming, Montana and South Dakota, USA; Saskatchewan and Alberta
Triceratops weighed about 8 tonnes, grew to 9 m long and 3 m tall, from toe to hip; it was about twice the size and mass of a living rhino. It has one of the largest skulls of any land animal that has ever lived! With so many examples of Triceratops known, ranging from babies to adults, palaeontologists have a good idea of how the animal aged. For example, the horns twisted and lengthened with age. A young Triceratops would have tiny stubs that would have curved backwards, but as it grew they straightened, then curved forward, reaching lengths of up to 1 m at adulthood! The horns were probably used for fighting. Triceratops was a plant-eater and had a beak at the front of its mouth, which it used to grasp and snap off plants. It also had hundreds of teeth, although only a small number were used when eating. The teeth were arranged in groups called batteries. When Triceratops chewed it didn’t grind its food like we do. Instead, its teeth slid past each other in a vertical slicing motion!
Name: Tyrannosaurus rex
Means: Tyrant Lizard King
Period: Late Cretaceous Period, about 68 – 66 million years ago
Where: Montana, Colorado, Wyoming, South Dakota, USA; Alberta, Canada
The most famous dinosaur of them all. Tyrannosaurus rex was one of the biggest, worst meat-eating dinosaurs of all time. This 12 m long killing machine had more than 50 humongous, bone-crunching, banana-shaped teeth – the biggest tooth on record is over 30 cm long! Scientists have discovered that T. rex had the most powerful bite force of any land animal ever, estimated to be over 35,000 newton’s, which is about ten times more powerful than an alligator! It would have bitten, ripped and swallowed meat and bone without chewing and could easily have eaten you whole! T. rex weighed around 7 tonnes and could probably reach running speeds of up to 20 mph – that’s a lot of weight running at you! Over 50 skeletons of T. rex have been found. But, without a doubt, the most famous is ‘Sue’, which was found in South Dakota in 1990. Sue is about 90% complete and is the most complete T. rex known.
Means: Sinew Lizard
Period: Early Cretaceous Period, about 115 – 108 million years ago
Where: Montana, Oklahoma, Wyoming, Idaho, Utah, Arizona and Maryland, USA
Tenontosaurus is a moderately-sized ornithopod dinosaur. It was a plant-eater and is known from approximately 80 skeletons of various size. It grew to around 7 m long, 3 m tall and weighed about 1 tonne. Although baby and juvenile Tenontosaurus would likely have been prey for Deinonychus, a fully-grown, adult Tenontosaurus would probably have been too large for Deinonychus to attack and kill. The very first remains of Tenontosaurus were collected in Montana in 1903. However, it was until 1970 that Tenontosaurus was first described.